While railroad regulation and antitrust actions attracted the most attention of reformers during the period —, some efforts were made by reformers to mitigate the effects of industrialization and commercial expansion on the natural environment.
This process is called historiography— the skills and strategies historians use to analyze and interpret historical evidence to reach a conclusion.
Thus, both the populist and progressive movements sought to combat the negative effects of industrialization and economic expansion by focusing primarily on railroad regulation and the strengthening and enforcement of antitrust legislation.
You also identify reformers such as Charles Finney and use these examples to support arguments that some reformers were affected more by their beliefs than by the Market Revolution.
President Roosevelt used his executive authority to put thousands of acres of public lands aside for national parks, saving them from commercial exploitation. It is also true that the two most influential reform movements, the temperance and abolitionist movements, were not primarily concerned with the effects of the Market Revolution.
You modified the statement in developing your argument and employed the use of other categories. Beginning at the state level and with strong support in many urban areas, a new progressive movement reached the national level during the first years of the 20th century.
Supported by President Theodore Roosevelt, progressive reformers, like the Populists, sought to strengthen railroad regulation and both enforce and further strengthen the antitrust laws. The essay does a good job arguing that reform was taking place throughout the United States and that some industrialists supported it and some reform was affected by the Market Revolution.
Yet the spread of the Market Revolution did significantly increase the number of employers who supported the temperance movement, if for no other reason than to try to ensure that their employees came to work sober and ready to do their jobs. Among the most important, most dedicated leaders of the abolitionist movement were the New York brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan, wealthy merchants who gave strong financial support to the anti-slavery movement.
Farmers were upset at what they regarded as arbitrary and excessive railroad rates and abuses such as rebates to big business like Standard Oil. InPresident Roosevelt not only forced mine owners to submit to arbitration to settle a nationwide coal strike, he also asked his attorney general to file an antitrust suit against the Northern Securities Company, a large railroad holding company.
This essay scores a 6 out of a possible 6 points. These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the cause and effect of these events in relation to the reform movements, earning two more points.
Inhe convened a conservation conference at the White House in an effort to further mitigate the damage that mining and manufacturing were doing to the natural environment, especially in the West. In its body paragraphs, the essay also does a very good job of identifying and using specific evidence to support its argument.
You also are able to meet the last point by applying the skill of synthesis. Thus, although New England was home to a substantial number of reformers during the antebellum period, it was only one of a number of centers of reform.
It does a nice job of demonstrating that at least two reform movements were not just aimed at the effects of the Industrial Revolution, but also at the impact on small business, workers, and consumers, as well as corruption in government. This thesis statement establishes a clear argument that addresses all parts of the question and makes a clear argument, earning one point.
President Roosevelt also pushed for the establishment of the forest service and appointed a conservation-minded ally, Gifford Pinchot, to head that agency. Remember the four steps: These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the cause and effect of these events on merchants and reformers in relation to the reform movements.
Thus, when writing an effective essay, you must be able to write a strong and clearly developed thesis and supply a substantial amount of relevant evidence to support your thesis. Look at the question below and formulate a response. Sample Essay 1 While a number of the most important reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries grew out of efforts to combat the negative effects of industrialization, the main focus of their efforts was not the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the natural environment.
Nevertheless, some progressive reformers like Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot did pay significant attention to preventing further damage to the natural environment and helped to found the modern conservation movement.
Long Answer Sample Question The reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century focused primarily on the effects of the accelerating Industrial Revolution, especially its impact on the natural environment.
Through its clear thesis, the essay is also able to address the targeted skill of causation by dealing with the causes and effects of the events mentioned in the question, for which it earns both of the possible points. While some reformers such as the Tappan brothers and Robert Owen, the founder of a utopian community at New Lanark, Indiana, were successful merchants and industrialists, a much larger number of prominent reformers, including most of the leaders of the temperance and abolitionist movements, were motivated primarily by their religious beliefs.
For example, it points out that the Anti-Slavery Society and Temperance Society were not just limited to New England and that some of the important leaders were merchants.
History exam is designed to test your ability to apply knowledge of history in a complex, analytic manner.
The essay uses specific evidence to support the argument, which earns the 2 possible points. In other words, you are expected to treat history and historical questions as a historian would. After the question, there are two sample essays that would receive a perfect scores.antebellum reform movements squarely in the context of the era’s market revolution and the Second Great Awakening, and in so doing underscores the linkages between of economic, social, and ideological forces.
AP U.S. History Student Samples Aligned to the Rubrics - Long Essay Question Sample student responses to an AP U.S. History long essay question, scored using the AP history rubric.
Includes scoring guidelines and commentary. APUSH Reform Movements This vocabulary is formed of reform movements that students will learn about when taking AP US History. These reforms can be classified into four categories: Religion, Social, The North and South Diverge and The Blossoming of American Literature.
“Reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals.” Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to the years The long essay question on the AP U.S.
History exam is designed to test your ability to apply knowledge of history in a complex, analytic manner. In other words, you are expected to treat history and historical questions as a historian would.
Between the years andthe US underwent a series of social and political reforms which attempted to democratize American life. Reform movements during this period of Jacksonian Democracy attempted to dissolve disunity in the social ladder and pushed for equal rights among all citizens.Download