While education is arguably the best solution for ensuring women and girls gain equal access to political and socio-economic power in society, FGM makes this impossible because very often for the girls, post-mutilation, is end of schooling, early marriage, and denial of sexual and reproductive health and rights.
Why is it practised? Was any flesh or something removed from the genital area? Last year Unicef published what it described as the most comprehensive compilation of data and analysis on the prevalence of FGM in Africa and the Middle East.
In those settings all types of FGM were found to pose an increased risk of death to the baby: The social and economic damage done to entire countries has only started to be realized. Progress in reducing gender equality will be defined by more women finishing secondary school, more of them in the formal workplace, more women entrepreneurs accessing credit and more of them in political decision-making.
For example, in the northeastern regions of Ethiopia and Kenya, which share a border with Somalia, the Somali people practise FGM at around the same rate as they do in Somalia. It is recognised as a violation of the human rights of women and girls. In some countries, FGM has been medicalised.
Over million women and girls are thought to be living with FGM in those 30 countries. Adolescent girls are far more likely to die from childbirth-related complications and face greater risks of getting obstetric fistulawhich is the most devastating of all childbirth-related injuries.
Complete obstruction of the vagina can result in hematocolpos and hematometra where the vagina and uterus fill with menstrual blood. Cultural and social factors for performing FGM The reasons why female genital mutilations are performed vary from one region to another as well as over time, and include a mix of sociocultural factors within families and communities.
Urine may collect underneath the scar, leaving the area under the skin constantly wet, which can lead to infection and the formation of small stones.
Those men who do manage to penetrate their wives do so often, or perhaps always, with the help of the "little knife". The opening is larger in women who are sexually active or have given birth by vaginal delivery, but the urethra opening may still be obstructed by scar tissue.
Using more than 70 national surveys, produced over a period of more than 20 years, the report focused on the 29 countries where the practice is most common.
Several small studies have concluded that women with FGM suffer from anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. The programme supports zero tolerance laws and policies, while working with health workers to both eliminate genital mutilation and provide care to women and girls who have undergone the procedure.
Religious leaders take varying positions with regard to FGM: In Decemberthe United Nations general assembly unanimously voted to work for the elimination of FGM throughout the world.In many of the countries where female genital mutilation is performed, it is a deeply entrenched social norm rooted in gender inequality.
The reasons behind the practice vary.
In some cases, it is seen as a rite of passage into womanhood, while others see it as a way to suppress a woman’s sexuality. Female genital mutilation (FGM), The practice is rooted in gender inequality, attempts to control women's sexuality, and ideas about purity, Sweden outlawed FGM in with the Act Prohibiting the Genital Mutilation of Women, the first Western country to do so.
Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) means piercing, cutting, removing, or sewing closed all or part of a girl's or woman's external genitals for no medical reason.
Researchers estimate more thangirls and women in the U.S. have experienced or are at risk of FGM/C.
1 Worldwide, as many as million girls and women alive today have been cut. 2 FGM/C is often a part of the. Women's rights and gender equality + Female genital mutilation (FGM) an estimated 98% of girls undergo female genital mutilation.
The practice causes huge physical and psychological damage yet. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a practice that involves altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical reasons, and it is internationally recognized as a human rights violation.
Globally, it is estimated that million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of FGM.
Two hundred million girls and women in the world are estimated to have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), and another 15 million girls are at risk of experiencing it by in high prevalence countries (UNICEF, Female genital mutilation/cutting: a global concern.